报告题目：The Science and Technology of Catalysis as a Basis for
Understanding and Studying Photocatalysis--From fundamentals to industrial applications--
报 告 人：Masakazu Ampo教授（福州大学&日本大阪公立大学）
In the past century, research on various catalytic systems has been carried out using various kinds of catalysts such as metals, metal oxides, metal sulfides, chalcogenides, zeolites, porous materials, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), as well as organic polymers. Those research played an important role in the development of world society, however, to achieve much higher efficiency and higher selectivity, especially, in green and sustainable catalytic processes, innovative breakthroughs are still strongly desired.
In my webinar lecture, I would like to introduce the great achievements of prominent scientists in the catalyst and catalysis fields so that you can learn a lot from their valuable works and words since those are a very important basis for understanding and studying not only catalysis but also photocatalysis, especially, future sunlight-driven photocatalysis.
In the first part of my lectures, I will present a short history of the development of catalytic science and technology including the works of Nobel Prize winners in Chemistry whose works are related to heterogeneous catalysis. Especially, I want to introduce a couple of masterpieces on the NH3 synthesis from N2 and H2 and the automobile three-way catalysts. These are special and very instructive researches to understand catalysis from its fundamentals to its present industrial applications.
Figure 1. Elucidation of how to dissociate a strong N-N triple bond of N2 to form N-atoms on Fe catalysts and the role of promoter of K (or K2O). Nobel Prize in Chemistry; Prof. Fritz Haber in 1918, Prof. Carl Bosch in 1931, and Prof. Dr. Gerhard Ertl in 2007.
The NH3 synthesis from N2 and H2 led to an industrial revolution and an increase in the world population due to an increase in agriculture production. Currently, NH3 is again given attention in relation to the suitable H2 storage and carrier. On the other hand, the automobile’s three-way catalysts played an important role in the achievement of economic growth in the world.